General Conditions of the Contract for Construction. AIA Document A™ – .. Contract Award and Execution, Conditions Relating to. A™ – General Conditions of the Contract for Construction the most commonly used general conditions document is AIA Document A, General. AIA Document A™ – . Documents except Modifications, the General Conditions take precedence over all other Contract Documents except.

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Fortunately, changes can be and frequently are made to the A, and many of the risks described above can be addressed and better allocated if the document is negotiated before it is incorporated aaia reference into your Agreements. To avoid inevitable disputes over this ambiguity, changes should be made to this Section so that it covers aoa indemnity and bonding over of amounts actually paid to the Contractor and not Claims that are in dispute.

While the scheduling provisions in the version require more detail than those in the version, they still do not impose requirements necessary to produce a CPM schedule.

He represents a broad client base across the gamut of construction concerns, including contract negotiation and disputes. Back to 207 Papers Print this Paper.

Revisions to this Section provide helpful clarity regarding how to handle allegedly minor changes in the Work that the Owner or Architect thinks should not have a cost or time impact. Notice of Claims arising prior to or during the correction of Work period must be made with 21 days, but Claims arising after the correction of Work period can be initiated merely by Notice without any time deadline. As this is not now a standard practice, Contractors should revise this condiions or provide notice of Claim regarding any payment reductions with which it disagrees.

Fortunately, the parties can solve that problem with a well-drafted amendment. A sentence has been added stating that the Owner need not make a Claim to assess Liquidated Damages. Kristine can be reached at Greater clarity is provided for how payments should confitions made regarding a pending dispute until it is finally resolved.

Planning, Design and Construction

Notice can now be transmitted by any number of conventional ways, but Notice of a Claim must be sent by registered mail or 207, which seems to be a pointless exception in this digital age and may catch contractors unawares.


As the A Genetal Conditions contain many of the more important terms of any AIA Agreement, this Briefing Paper will highlight some of the more significant changes made in the version about which every Owner, Architect, Contractor and Subcontractor should be aware. The arbitration provisions in the A have not changed significantly, which is unfortunate — i.

This discussion is generalized in nature and should not be considered a substitute for professional advice. The time period within which to give notice of a differing site condition has been shortened from 21 to 14 days. The Architect can now insist on data to substantiate the accuracy in any shifts the Contractor makes in the line items of its Schedule of values. Providing Notice of a Claim is conidtions a good idea if only to allow the parties to address the problem early and try to solve it.

Without Notice of a Claim, however, the Contractor may not know whether or not it should make its own Claim for a time extension or to accelerate and thereby mitigate a potential Claim for LDs. Hugh can be reached at This provision should be revised by the parties as it does not give the mediation process enough time to determine if the Claim can be settled short of proceeding a021 final dispute resolution.

AIA Document A™ — SP (Construction Contract General Conditions, Sample Form)

Notably, if the parties do not use E or otherwise agree on protocols for BIM or other digital data, the party using that data does not have a right to rely upon it. Many other changes were made to the A, but this Briefing Paper has covered the most significant. He advises on project development and related litigation, acting for both corporate entities and individuals such as architects.

In addition, if the specified means and methods created a safety issue, the previous A required the Contractor to wait for instruction from the Architect after raising a concern, but the responsibility to devise safe means and methods has now ai delegated to the Contractor.

The continued reluctance of the AIA to specify CPM scheduling is odd given its prevalence and expanding use in evaluating time related claims. Policy of the AIA documents committee is ultimately decided by a relatively small group of architects, and delegating the design of dispute resolution to genreal is like delegating the genfral of buildings to attorneys — the result is unlikely to work convitions.

Comparison of 2007 and 2017 AIA contract documents: Key changes in AIA A201™ and AIA B101™

Truly neutral dispute evaluators such as Dispute Review Boards have been found effective, but condigions A missed an opportunity to provide guidance or options on how to better develop that possibility. Represents diverse participants from the public and private sectors, including design professionals, insurers and subcontractors. Indemnity provisions also tend to be vigorously negotiated and often are limited by law, a majority of states now impose statutory limits on indemnity provisions, and many states make broad indemnities unenforceable, so make sure this standard provision comports with the applicable indemnity statutes governing your Project.


The most substantive change to new A — was to delete most of the specific insurance requirements from the General Conditions and move them condktions an Condirions A covering Insurance and Bonds that is to be negotiated between the Owner and Contractor as part of their Agreement. Dean can be reached at This is a useful clarification as conditiins often were not sure whether or not the requirement for an IDM decision applied to their Claims. The purpose of the change was to make the concept of some compensation to the Contractor upon a termination for convenience more acceptable to conditlons Owner, the amount being left to negotiation between the parties.

In this new Section, either party is given the right to demand in writing that the other party file for binding dispute resolution within 30 days from the date mediation has been concluded, or 60 days after mediation conditiobs been demanded without resolution of the dispute. Parties should take advantage of the opportunity to negotiate and specify the exact terms they want in their arbitration agreement and incorporate that agreement in the A Frequently acts on large-scale regional and national projects.

The A continues to impose a warranty of reliability and adequacy on any design delegated to the Contractor in the Contract Document, but the A only imposes liability on the Architect if its design fails to meet the conditioons standard of care. Changes made to this provision increase the risk that Contractors cannot safely rely on the adequacy of specified means and methods in the Contract Documents.