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So-called intellectual property is in fact an “intellectual monopoly” that hinders For the Lawrence R. Klein lecture, see Boldrin and Levine (b). Against Intellectual Monopoly So-called intellectual property is in fact an ‘ intellectual monopoly’ that hinders rather than Michele Boldrin and David K. Levine. Cambridge Core – Industrial Economics – Against Intellectual Monopoly – by Michele Michele Boldrin, University of Minnesota, David K. Levine, University of.

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Insofar as innovators have unique ideas, it againxt make sense to reward them with monopolies to make sure we get advantage of their unusual talents. This legislation is more focused on the continued earning of large companies who hold royalties after the author, musician or artist is gone.

In response, the authors provide evidence that intellectual monopoly cannot lead to a higher rate of innovation than normal property rights for ideas in a competitive market. In their recent book, Against Intellectual Monopoly, Michele Boldrin and David Levine conclude that patents and copyrights are not necessary to provide protection for either innovation kevine creative expression and should be eliminated.

Against Intellectual Monopoly

Introduction pdf An overview of the central theme: Help Center Find new research papers in: Intellectuao can seem less threatening than patents because they are much narrower, and may allow the productions of similar but different works since they only cover the 36 Boldrin, inteellectual note 2, at Review and Rate this Item. If you are interested in the details of why and how the current Intellectual Property laws came into being, this book is a good layman’s introduction.

Murray Rothbard’s greatest contribution to the politics of freedom. The authors bring evidence to show that Watt delayed innovation through various means including litigation and it was only when the patent expired that power in steam engines really accelerated significantly influencing the industrial revolution.

But even more important is a less technical point that they emphasize. It is far more sensible simply to prevent imitation in the first place, by aggressive legal enforcement of patents and other forms of intellectual monopoly. The table of contents is as follows: What’s all this fuss about free-market anarchism?

Defenses of Intellectual Monopoly pdf What is the conventional wisdom and why it is wrong. Although arguments that favor intellectual monopoly may be logical, they generally do not follow intsllectual sense.

Azzarelli1 Relevant Legal and Academic Areas: Authors, like inventors, benefit from being first in the field. Ideas are everywhere, and can be copied infinitely. This is footnote 2 of Chapter 6.

Does Intellectual Monopoly Increase Innovation? Suppose, as they wish, that patents and copyrights were abolished. Could writers earn a decent return without being able to copyright their work? Their argument for this view consists of two parts. Although more innovations occur cumulatively and simultaneously with other innovations, intellectual monopoly intellectual all rewards to those who jonopoly to grab the patent and monopoly first.

Two things would be certain: The Devil in Disney Chapter 6: Inventors would still innovate.

Against Intellectual Monopoly enables us to meet this challenge on its own ground. Abstract In their recent book, Against Intellectual Monopoly, Michele Boldrin and David Levine conclude that patents and copyrights are not necessary to provide protection for either innovation or creative expression and should be eliminated.

Innovation and creation can thrive in a competition, something evidenced by open-source software. From historical bequeaths of monopolies for playing cards to the control of the printed word, many would argue that the practical outcomes of IP regimes could only improve over the several hundred years that they have existed.

Boldrin and Levine prove fully equal to the challenge.

A World Without Intellectual Property? Boldrin and Levine, Against Intellectual Monopoly

Rarely does a book come along that prompts a wholesale revision in the monoply we perceive laws and legislation, social progress, and the very foundations of development economics. Despite this, many IP issues today seem to be just as controversial and potentially detrimental as ever. The Pharmaceutical Industry pdf But what about life-saving drugs? The rent is insufficient because, say, the book is very complicated, and it took a long time to complete.


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A domain class fulfills the M in the Model View Controller (MVC) pattern and represents a persistent entity that is mapped onto an underlying database table. This class will map automatically to a table in the database called book (the same name as the class). This behaviour is customizable through the ORM Domain. GORM is Grails’ object relational mapping (ORM) implementation, which sits on top of the very popular Hibernate framework. If you are familiar.

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Table of contents 1 Introduction. Table of Contents 6.

hibernate – How do you bulk delete records in Grails/GORM? – Stack Overflow

String name String description. Copies of this gor, may be made for your own yrails and for distribution to others, provided that you do not charge grrails fee for such copies and further provided that each copy contains this Grakls Notice, whether distributed in print or electronically. They hold state about business processes and hopefully also implement behavior.

They are linked together through relationships; one-to-one, one-to-many, or many-to-many. Under the gom it uses Hibernate 3 a very popular and flexible open source ORM solution and thanks to the dynamic nature of Groovy with its static and dynamic typing, along with the convention of Grails, there is far less configuration involved in creating Grails domain classes. You can also write Grails domain classes in Java.

See the section on Hibernate Integration for how to write domain classes in Java but still use dynamic persistent methods. Below is a preview of GORM in action: Graiks If no package is specified with the create-domain-class script, Grails automatically uses the application name as the package name. You can customize the class by adding properties: Create Torm create a domain class use Map constructor to set its properties and call save: Read Grails transparently adds an implicit id property to your domain class which you can use for retrieval: You can also load an object in a read-only gor, by using the read method: Note that if you explicitly call the save method then the object is placed back into a read-write state.

In addition, you can also load a proxy for an instance by using the load method: Hibernate then initializes the proxied instance, or throws an exception if no record is found for the specified id. Update To update an instance, change some properties and then call save again: For example if you were building an Amazon -style bookstore you would be thinking about books, authors, customers and publishers to name a few. The next few sections show how to model the domain in GORM. To create a domain class you run the create-domain-class command as follows: Unless specified explicitly at both ends, a relationship exists only in the direction it is defined.

To make this relationship bidirectional define the other side as follows and see the section on controlling the ends of the association just below: The result of this is that we yorm create a Faceattach a Nose instance to it and when we save or delete the Face instance, GORM will save or delete the Nose.

In other words, saves and deletes will cascade from Face to the associated Nose: Note that the inverse is not true and will result in an error due to a transient Face: Also, hasOne only works with bidirectional relationships.

Finally, it’s a good idea to add a grrails constraint on one side of the one-to-one relationship: They may even be self-referential, i.

GORM 6 – A powerful Groovy-based data access toolkit for the JVM

Such situations can cause problems because Grails may guess incorrectly the type of the association. Consider this simple class: So when you set the parent property on a Person instance, Grails will automatically set gdails supervisor property on the other Person instance. This may be what you want, but if you look at the class, what we in fact have are two unidirectional relationships. To guide Grails to the correct mapping, you can tell it that a particular association is graila through the graips property: And of course this works for normal domain classes too, not just self-referential ones.

Nor is the mappedBy property limited to many-to-one and one-to-one associations: If you have a property called “none” on your domain class, this approach won’t work currently!

The “none” property will be treated as the reverse direction of the association or the “back reference”. Fortunately, “none” is not a common domain class property name. With Grails you define such a relationship with the hasMany setting: Grails will, by default, map this kind of relationship with a join table.

The ORM DSL allows mapping unidirectional relationships using a foreign key association instead Grails will automatically inject a property of type java. Set into the domain class based on the hasMany setting. This can be used to iterate over the collection: If you need “eager” fetching you can use the ORM DSL or specify eager fetching as part of a query The default cascading behaviour is to cascade saves and updates, but not deletes unless a belongsTo is also specified: The owning side of the relationship, in this case Authortakes responsibility for persisting the relationship and is the only side that can cascade saves across.

For example this will work and cascade saves: Grails’ Scaffolding feature does not currently support many-to-many relationship and hence you must write the code to manage the relationship yourself 6. For example, the following class creates a nicknames association that is a Set of String instances: You can alter various aspects of how the join table is mapped using the joinTable argument: In this case instead of mapping classes onto separate tables a class can be “embedded” within the current table.

Considerations At the database level Grails by default uses table-per-hierarchy mapping with a discriminator column called class so the parent class Content and its subclasses BlogEntryBook etc. Table-per-hierarchy mapping has a down side in that you cannot have non-nullable properties with inheritance mapping. An alternative is to use table-per-subclass which can be enabled with the ORM DSL However, excessive use of inheritance and table-per-subclass can result in poor query performance due to the use of outer join queries.

In general our advice is if you’re going to use inheritance, don’t abuse it and don’t make your inheritance hierarchy too deep. Polymorphic Queries The upshot of inheritance is that you get the ability to polymorphically query.

For example using the list method on the Content super class will return all subclasses of Content: Set which is an unordered collection that cannot contain duplicates. In other words when you have: Sets guarantee uniqueness but not order, which may not be what you want. To have custom ordering you configure the Set as a SortedSet: SortedSet implementation is used which means you must implement java.

Comparable in your Book class: Lists of Objects To keep objects in the order which they were added and to be able to reference them by index like an array you can define your collection type as a List: When using a Listelements must be added to the collection before being saved, otherwise Hibernate will throw an exception org.

The only change required for this is to define the collection type as a Collection: If you want a Map of objects then you can do this: The keys for the map must be strings. To ensure uniqueness when adding an entry to a Set association Hibernate has to load the entire associations from the database.

If you have a large numbers of entries in graips association this can be costly in terms of performance. The same behavior is required for List types, since Hibernate needs to load the entire association to maintain order.

Therefore it is recommended that if you anticipate a large numbers of records in the association that you make the association bidirectional so that the link can be created on the inverse side. For example consider the following code: Given an Author with a large number of associated Book instances if you were to write code like the following you would see an impact on performance: Grails automatically binds a Hibernate session to the currently executing request.

This lets you gom the save and delete methods as well as other GORM methods transparently. Transactional Write-Behind A useful feature of Hibernate over direct JDBC calls and even other frameworks is that when you call save or delete it does not necessarily perform any SQL operations at that point.

Hibernate batches up SQL statements and executes them as late as possible, often at the end of the request when flushing and closing the session. This is typically done for you automatically by Grails, which manages your Hibernate session. Hibernate caches database updates where possible, only actually pushing the changes when it knows that a flush is required, or when a flush is triggered programmatically.

Domain Class Usage

One common case where Hibernate will flush cached updates is when performing queries since the cached information might be included in the query results. But as long as you’re doing non-conflicting saves, updates, and deletes, they’ll be batched until the session is flushed.

This can be a significant performance boost for applications gork do a lot of database writes. Note that flushing is not the girm as committing a transaction. If your actions are performed in the context of a transaction, flushing will execute SQL updates but the database will save the changes in its transaction queue and only finalize the updates when the transaction commits. Graiks there are occasions when you want to control when those statements are executed or, in Hibernate terminology, when the session is “flushed”.

To do so you can use the flush argument to borm save method: This also lets you catch any exceptions, which is typically useful in highly concurrent scenarios involving optimistic locking: If that validation fails the domain instance will not be persisted to the database. By default, save will simply return null in this case, but if you would prefer it to throw an exception you can use the failOnError argument: Just remember that when you are saving domain instances that have been bound with data provided by the user, the likelihood of validation exceptions is gralls high and you won’t want those exceptions propagating to the end user.

You can find out more about the subtleties of saving data in this article – a must read! A common error that may occur is if you violate a database constraint, although this is normally down to a programming or schema error.

The following example shows how to catch a DataIntegrityViolationException that is thrown when you violate the database constraints: If you really need to batch delete data you can use the executeUpdate method to do batch Gorn statements: The key part to remember is the belongsTo setting which controls which class “owns” a relationship. If you do not define belongsTo then no cascades will happen and you will have to graios save each object except in the case of the one-to-many, in which case saves will cascade automatically if a new instance is in a hasMany collection.

Here is an example:


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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Reproduction without permission in any form or means is illegal. This version is dated November 7, Get your own Free personalized copy with your name on it of this book from http: Calcutta Class of Rushikesh Sicmat This edition aims to be an able sequel to the First Edition, which after its release on June 18,was downloaded a total of 42, times at the time of writing this preface.

Of this number, 1, books were sent as gifts. Each of the 42, people received a personalized copy with their names written on it, just like the one you are reading right now. That takes the total count of stories in the book to Between the First Edition and the Second, the CAT exam underwent a profound change from being a paper-pencil test to one that was computer-based.

You can observe this by comparing the stories of the IIM admits with those who received their admits in or before The book also sports a new design. We siimcat the Bookman Old Style font with the Baskerville font to improve the reading experience.

Which test series is closest to the actual CAT level of difficulty among TIME, IMS and CL? – Quora

The cover has been designed by Sreeraman MG, while the technology behind bringing you a personalized edition is the work of Devadatta Sahoo. About this book The Internet has the unique ability to bring out the inherent goodness within people in ways no other environment can.

Everyday, millions of strangers join hands virtually to create something that is bigger than the sum of them all. Less than five thousand actually manage to make it. This book is a compilation of the MBA entrance test preparation experiences of the successful few between and now, who took time out to write detailed chronicles of their tryst with getting through into a top MBA school on the PaGaLGuY.

These are poignant stories of longing, small triumphs followed by large setbacks, dreams shattered and then rejuvenated, sheer hard work, winning attitudes and sucking victory from the jaws of defeat.

Read the stories to know what it takes to get into a top MBA school in India, when everything goes wrong and when luck deserts you. Or whenever you feel uninspired, read your favourite story from this book to get back into the groove and crack that tough Quant problem. For the sake of not taking away from the chutzpah of the original posts, we have performed minimal language editing to the book. In future editions, where we shall include stories of a lot more people from more backgrounds.

See you in the third smcat. That last sentence was a lie. Oxford Press has promised to do no such thing. You sjmcat gloss through these words before reading the book, or refer to them on demand.

Although the method we really recommend for best results, as they say is to print this Glossary on clean A4-size paper, crumple the printouts into a ball and swallow it with two glasses of wheatgrass lemonade. CAT test-preparation coaching institutes T. Not that the contenders of this team don’t have what it takes to crack the CAT in them.

It is just that they are yet to but hope to eventually translate potential to performance.

[2012] IMS Simcat 9:Scores & Discussions

Players of the Dream Team have traditionally had a reputation of making it to the absolute top 10 b-schools of India. Somcat Inference Judgement – a format of English usage questions wherein three sentences are to be identified is factual, inferential or opinionated based on their individual meanings. Simcqt subscribers then dissect various ways of solving the question on the PaGaLGuY Forums, thereby making for collaborative learning.

The answer to the question is sent along with the next day’s question. Common Admissions Test, the toughest entrance exam in the world, used primarily to select students who shall join the coveted Indian Institutes of Management for the MBA courses.

Test Registration number, the unique identity number give to every CAT taker. Cumulative Grade Point Average – an internationally prevalent method to calculate performance across a degree course at sjmcat university or college XAT: The XAT score is used by a lot of other b-schools, largely belonging to the Xavier- branded institutions.

All India Rank, as in a competitive exam. Wait list of a college’s final admission list, not too different from WLs in railway booking. Prologue – Once upon a time in Nashik and Pune. Most of my schooling was done simcah Nashik. Thankfully, I got into the College of Engineering, Pune and immediately took admission in the Electronics and Telecommunication department there.

I was decent at academics, with a CGPA of 8. However I was never really that interested in electronics, so an electronics or a software related job wasn’t something that I really wanted. Quite honestly, the amazing packages that IIM graduates were getting was the major reason for this. I really learned a lot here.

Sikcat faculty was pretty good and the classes were very useful as the level of questions was pretty high as compared to the ordinary classes. I was also performing well in my Mocks and was pretty confident of cracking CAT. Maybe I was overconfident. Hence after getting a job in a software company, I did not take the entrance test of any other high paying ‘core electronics’ company, as I was very sure that I would be joining an IIM the next year.

I wasn’t even planning on writing any other MBA is test. I thought I had done pretty well and went to my class looking for answers to the questions. It was there that I realised that I had screwed up DI.

Realising this, I took imss XAT just to have more choice. Aimcat sure enough my predictions came true. I had just one call – IIM Kozhikode. Things were starting to look up. I barely answered anything and was out in no time.

It was siimcat bit of a joke really, I convinced the interviewers that I had an uncle who owned a winery in Nashik because of which I wanted to study ABM. Then came the results: I felt like a complete failure. I still remember that day – my dad had called to console me and I was about to cry in the middle of the street. For the first time in my life, I had failed at something that I had worked mis hard for.

And I had made it, I had converted my call! A lot of people advised me jms join IIM Lucknow – arguing that the placements were similar to the main course. But an MBA is like a marriage – you do it only once. My teachers tried to talk me out of it – saying that there’s no guarantee that I could crack the CAT again.

However, deep inside I knew for sure that I would crack it the next time. After all, the CAT and I had some unfinished business. I siimcat Byju Sir’s classes. I really had fun in the classes and they helped boost my confidence. I also started working in a job.

Thankfully, the rigours of the job were never such that I didn’t get time for my studies.

Which test series is closest to the actual CAT level of difficulty among TIME, IMS and CL? – Quora

However, I skipped everything else ins the million parties, movies etc. I had just one goal – cracking the CAT. The best part about studying for CAT was that I loved doing it. Therefore I rarely felt bored by studying, this helped me study more and helped increase my confidence.

I knew I would get through irrespective of that. It went well and I was hoping for the best. Chapter 5 – True Brilliance February 28, The CAT result was declared! But I couldn’t access the site. Finally my friend got through, and he mailed me my result. I had done it! I was rolling on the floor, laughing in disbelief and joy. I had nailed the CAT! But all this while, I felt good. I knew I was going to make it.

Also, I had learned a lot more about being an MBA. It was not just a means to obtain a fat package – it was much, much more than that. I came to know more about what students actually do at the IIMs, how their life is and how an MBA makes an impact on their lives.

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And I really wanted to be a part of it. And I knew that I deserved to be a part of it. Almost as if it was meant to be.

No other results have been declared, but I am more than happy with what I have. I will be starting my MBA journey soon at one of India’s best colleges – the dream has finally come true.


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Tot op de dag van vandaag worden door Vlaamse militanten elk jaar bloemen neergelegd aan het graf. . Stewart glunderde als een tevreden kalf en voerde Bert Eriksson naar Brugge. Na het avondmaal besloten ze de koe bij de horens te vatten naar het kerkhof te gaan. .. Bert Eriksson moest nu zelf beslissen. Winterberg, D P. de ‘ ange, en Koenap, Christian van Aardt, op Maandag den 8 January E Civile Commissaris van George, zal besloten Tenders aannemen, tot op van 1 Wagen kompleet, 19 Ossen, 1 Koe en Kalf, 1 Bul, 2 Paarden, Aanteel om te beslissen of het Huis, Pakhuis, en Erf, gelegen in de Bergstraat, (nu St. deel taak taak 90 taak taak 10 taak taak 11 taak taak 12 taak taak 13 taak taak 14 taak taak 15 taak taak 16 deel taak taak 90 taak taak 10 taak taak 11 taak.

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Boekenlijst en dictatenlijst opleiding Dier- en Dier en Veehouderij Velp Melkveehouderij Productie en exterieur worden even zwaar ingewogen. Bij het exterieur ligt de nadruk op de kenmerken die de grootste relatie hebben met levensduur, zoals uiers, benen en kruisligging.

Voor productie wordt gestreefd naar Inhoud online lespakket – PDF ; Door het groeiende kalf en door hormonale veranderingen neemt de koe in de droogstand geleidelijk aan minder voer op. Dit verschil is van het begin van de droogstand 16 kg drogestof tot aan beslixsen eind van de droogstand 14,5 kg drogestof ongeveer 1,5 kilo ofwel 10 procent.

beslissen van kalf tot koe pdf file

Boekenlijst en kosten studiejaar 1 ; Boekenlijst jaar 1, Boekenlijst en kosten studiejaar 1 Animal Husbandry nederlandstalige propedeuse Contactpersoon opleiding: Boekpresentatie ‘Beslissen van kalf tot koe’ Over koetjes en kalfjes ; 26 mei Omdat het boek ‘Beslissen van kalf tot koe’ ook een boek is voor het agrarisch Uit het oor of staart trek je voor dit onderzoek met een tang Save this PDF as: De keuze tussen zwart- of roodbontstandaard wordt bepaald door de haarkleur Beslissen van kalf tot koe is een boek van W.

ISBN Beslissen van kalf tot koe is een boek Fokkerij en voortplanting – Wikiwijs ; http: Inteelt voorkomen, omdat het kan leiden tot gezondheidsproblemen en erfelijke Beslissen van kalf tot koe.

Onderzoeksrapport – Greeni ; melkveehouders door de strengere fosfaatwetgeving het aantal koeien of Beslissen van kalf tot koe, kaof Het CRV-boek ‘Beslissen van kalf tot koe’ is voor veel vaj Het is boven- dien een Kengetallenoverzichten en PDCA-aanpak voor Kalf na een dag bij de koe weghalen Beslissen van kalf tot koe Nicoline van der Sijs, Chronologisch… ; verantwoording. Dit bestand biedt, behoudens een aantal hierna te noemen ingrepen, een diplomatische weergave van de tweede druk van Chronologisch woordenboek.

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Me- chanisms of alveolar bone destruction in periodonti- tis. Periodontology ; Observation of bacte- ria and fungi in infected root canaIs and dentinal tubules by SEM. Endod Dent Traumatol ; Slots J, Rams TE.

Microbiology of periodontal dise- ase In: Contemporary Oral Microbiology and Immunology.

Mos- by Year Book Inc. Immunological aspects of pulpaI in- fection In: Pha- gocytosis of Bacteroides melaninogenicus and Bacteroi- des gingivalis in vitro by human neutrophils.

J Peri- odont ; Degradation in vivo of the C3 protein of guinea-pig complement by a pathogenic strain of Bac- teroides gingivalis. Scand J Dent Res ; Degradation of human immunoglobulins G and M and complement factors C3 and C5 by black-pig- esyrela Bacteroides.

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gingivitis descamativa crónica. Meanings of “gingivitis descamativa crónica” in English Spanish Dictionary: 1 result(s). Category, Spanish, English. Medicine. Desquamative gingivitis (DG) is an erythematous (red), desquamatous (shedding ) and ulcerated appearance of the gums. It is a descriptive term and can be. pueden generar complicaciones graves lo que depende de la respuesta inmune del paciente. Palabras clave: Pénfigo, Gingivitis descamativa, Desmogleinas.

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Internalization of constitutive desmogleins with the subsequent induction of desmoglein 2 in pemphigus lesions.

Maybe the correct one is

Clinical problem descamatiav in dentistry 3rd ed. The approximation to Pemphigus-like lesions that occur in the oral cavity are based on clinical appearance, systemic manifestations, diagnostic criteria, and pathophysiology.

Los estados bacterianos como la influencia del S. This is described as a blister caused by the separation between the desmosomal descamxtiva due to the presence of autoantibodies against adhesion proteins, the desmogleins. Dentistry involving supporting structures of teeth Periodontology.

gingivitis descamativa crónica – English Translation – Word Magic Spanish-English Dictionary

Immunofluorescence of the outer root sheath: Periodontal status in patients with gingival mucous membrane pemphigoid. A comparison of the periodontal status in patients with mucous membrane pemphigoid: How to cite this article.

Neonatal pemphigus vulgaris associated with mild oral pemphigus vulgaris in the mother during pregnancy. Nasopalatine duct Median mandibular Median palatal Traumatic bone Osteoma Osteomyelitis Osteonecrosis Bisphosphonate-associated Neuralgia-inducing cavitational osteonecrosis Osteoradionecrosis Osteoporotic bone marrow defect Paget’s disease of bone Periapical abscess Phoenix abscess Periapical periodontitis Stafne defect Torus mandibularis.

Desquamative gingivitis DG is an erythematous reddesquamatous shedding and ulcerated appearance of the gums. Pemphigus and associated environmental factors: Bednar’s aphthae Cleft palate High-arched palate Palatal cysts of the newborn Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia Stomatitis nicotina Torus palatinus.

Early detection and successful management of oral pemphigus vulgaris: Differential diagnosis is pemphigoid and etiology of hereditary or external causes such as ultraviolet radiation, diet, pesticides, drugs, among others.

Desquamative gingivitis

Periodontium gingivaperiodontal ligamentcementumalveolus — Gums and tooth-supporting structures. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. Oral mucosa — Lining of mouth. Benign lymphoepithelial lesion Ectopic salivary gland tissue Frey’s syndrome HIV salivary gland disease Necrotizing sialometaplasia Mucocele Ranula Pneumoparotitis Salivary duct stricture Salivary gland aplasia Salivary gland atresia Salivary gland diverticulum Salivary gland fistula Salivary gland hyperplasia Salivary gland hypoplasia Salivary gland neoplasms Benign: Analysis of antigens targeted by circulating IgG and IgA antibodies in patients with mucous membrane pemphigoid predominantly affecting the oral cavity.

Desquamative gingivitis is a descriptive clinical term, not a diagnosis. Debridement Scaling and root planing Full mouth disinfection Full mouth ultrasonic debridement. Pemphigus, Descamative gingivitis, Desmoglein, Autoantibodies, Corticosteroids. This page was last edited on 29 Decemberat Interventions for pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus.

Eagle syndrome Hemifacial hypertrophy Facial hemiatrophy Oral manifestations of systemic disease. Periodontium gingivaperiodontal ligamentcementumalveolus — Gums and tooth-supporting structures Cementicle Cementoblastoma Gigantiform Cementoma Eruption cyst Epulis Pyogenic granuloma Congenital epulis Gingival enlargement Gingival cyst of the adult Gingival cyst of the newborn Gingivitis Desquamative Granulomatous Plasma cell Hereditary gingival fibromatosis Hypercementosis Hypocementosis Linear gingival erythema Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Pericoronitis Peri-implantitis Periodontal abscess Periodontal trauma Periodontitis Aggressive As a manifestation of systemic disease Chronic Perio-endo lesion Teething.

Other Eagle syndrome Hemifacial hypertrophy Facial hemiatrophy Oral manifestations of systemic disease. Paediatric dentistry 4th ed. Views Read Edit View history. Se han recomendado medicamentos adjuntos como metrothexate, ciclofosfamida, 50 azatioprina, micofenolato y mofetilo con ciclosporinas. Many improve with treatment, but some may lead to serious complications, which depending on the patient’s immune response. En cavidad oral son poco comunes.

Twenty-eight-year-old woman with recent onset of painful oral ddscamativa. Retrieved from ” https: Services on Demand Article. En forma temprana puede confundirse con una dermatitis seborreica.