In particular, trochanteric bursitis is an extremely rare manifestation of osteoarticular tuberculosis. We describe a case of tuberculous coxitis. Tuberculosis of the hip joint region in children. MAF MohideenI; MN RasoolII. I MBChB(Medunsa). Registrar. Nelson Mandela School of Medicine, University of . PubMed journal article [Tuberculous coxitis in the hips 55 years after primary tuberculosis were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to.

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Articular cartilage was denuded at surgical exploration.

Similarly in adult’s avascular necrosis AVNdegenerative and inflammatory conditions may pose a problem in the diagnosis. Although the prevalence of tuberculosis reduces, it still belongs to the most important infectious diseases worldwide even in industrial countries. Total hip arthroplasty THA in the hip with active tuberculous infection is a controversial issue due to the potential risk of reactivation of TB.

Microbiological and microscopic examination of intraoperative swabs and surface biopsies coxigis not detect M. Tuberculosis belongs to the most important infectious diseases worldwide. Tubercular arthropathy tubercuulosis usually monoarticular.

Tuberculous arthropathy | Radiology Reference Article |

Many present in the advanced stage of the disease due to delayed diagnosis. Any factor which modifies the state of local resistance and resultant activation of dormant tubercle bacilli, microtrauma has been proposed as a mechanism, however no case could it coxltis established that trauma was an etiological cixitis. With average followup of 4. After a course of antibiotic treatment she underwent reconstructive surgery which consecutively improved range of motion.


Kumar K, Saxena MB. It is wise to leave the posterior capsule undisturbed because it carries vital blood supply to the femoral head. Clinical experience with year followup evaluation.

The hip movements are painful and grossly restricted with shortening of the limb.

Tuberculosis of hip: A current concept review

In addition to medical treatment, traction preferably skeletal is recommended to all patients. In the developed world an increase in the number of cases has been reported. Patients still retain tuberrculosis good range of movement. An extra articular lesion can also progress further to involve the joint.

The constitutional symptoms may or may not be present in all the cases. Clinical studies of the incidence of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis. They concluded that THA in the tuberculous hip is a safe procedure and produces superior functional results compared with resection arthroplasty or arthrodesis.

Tuberculous Coxitis: Diagnostic Problems and Varieties of Treatment: A Case Report

We saw three cases tubercuosis a fair result. J Bone and Joint Surg ; 8: Amniotic arthroplasty for tuberculosis of the hip joint. The Mantoux test was negative in six children.

In the ‘mortar-and-pestle’ type, the head of the femur becomes ground down progressively, resembling a pestle within a mortar. The initial radiological appearance predicts the outcome, especially in the ‘normal’ type of hip. Plain films are reliable to detect and follow up of treatment for tubercular arthropathy. The prognosis was reported to be good in children. To establish the diagnosis the patient should be subjected tuberculosid USG tyberculosis synovial effusion can be aspirated and subjected for cytology, AFB smear and PCR examination.


The modern diagnostic facilities like ultrasonography USG or magnetic resonance imaging of the hip joint, USG guided aspiration of synovial fluid and obtaining the material for polymerase chain reaction and tissue diagnosis must be utilized. Furthermore the preoperative response to oral antituberculotic therapy as well as persistent histological evidence of active disease are important aspects tubedculosis choosing the suitable surgical technique for operative treatment.

Failure to respond in the form of improvement in constitutional features, reduction of pain around hip, increase in the range of movements to nonoperative treatment may call for confirmation of diagnosis. Skeletal tuberculosis in children.

A preliminary report of twenty cases of hip joint tuberculosis treated by an operation devised to eliminate motion by fusing the joint. In the current scenario, we do not recommend excision arthroplasty or arthrodesis before skeletal maturity. Arthrolysis aims to achieve the useful range of tubeerculosis in the cases with gross limitation of movements not responding tubeerculosis traction and exercises. Diagnosis and treatment of joint tuberculosis. In the active stage, there is muscle spasm, every attempted movement of the hip can be painful, and child walks with an antalgic gait.