Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , J. Lombardía Prieto and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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Archived from the original on 27 January Intravenous IV hydration often includes supplementation of electrolytes as persistent vomiting frequently leads to a deficiency. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge was hospitalised due to hyperemesis gravidarum during her first pregnancy, and was treated for a similar condition during the subsequent two.

Often gets better but may last entire pregnancy [2].

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America.

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Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Emezis cholestasis of pregnancy. She died in while four months pregnant, having been afflicted by intractable nausea and vomiting throughout her pregnancy, and was unable to tolerate food or even water.

International urology and nephrology. Archived from the original on 29 October Home care is available in the form of a peripherally-inserted central catheter PICC line for hydration and nutrition.


Women not responding to IV rehydration and medication may require nutritional support.

If HG is inadequately treated, anemia[11] hyponatremia[11] Wernicke’s encephalopathy[11] kidney failurecentral pontine myelinolysiscoagulopathyatrophyMallory-Weiss tears[11] hypoglycemiajaundicemalnutritionpneumomediastinumrhabdomyolysisdeconditioningdeep vein thrombosispulmonary embolismsplenic avulsion, or vasospasms of cerebral arteries are possible consequences.

Health issues in pregnancy Vomiting Women’s health. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder [36] are common secondary complications of HG and emotional support can be beneficial.

Hyperemesis gravidarum HG is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe nauseavomitingweight lossand possibly dehydration. Possible pathophysiological processes involved are summarized in the following table: After rehydration, treatment focuses on managing symptoms to allow normal intake of food. Excessive salivation, also known as sialorrhea gravidarumis another symptom experienced by some women.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Drinking fluids, bland diet, intravenous fluids [2]. Gestational thrombocytopenia Pregnancy-induced hypercoagulability. Archived from the original on 15 December The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the mother.

Hyperemesis gravidarum tends to occur in the first trimester of pregnancy [12] and lasts significantly longer than morning sickness. Thalidomide was prescribed for treatment of HG in Europe until it was recognized that thalidomide is teratogenic and is a cause of phocomelia in neonates.


After IV rehydration is completed, patients typically begin to tolerate frequent small liquid or bland meals. Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved 6 December Diagnoses to be ruled out include the following: Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Emssis Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia.

Acupuncture both with P6 and traditional method has been found to be ineffective. Thyrotoxicosis common in Asian subcontinent [5] Addison’s disease Diabetic ketoacidosis Hyperparathyroidism.

Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by Pedro Guillermo Padilla Romero on Prezi

Increased steroid levels in circulation [22]. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 9: Retrieved 5 December Likewise, supplementation for lost thiamine Vitamin B 1 must be considered to reduce the risk of Wernicke’s encephalopathy.

Handbook of early pregnancy care.

Reproductive biology and endocrinology. Archived from the original on 10 December Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. European Journal of Internal Medicine. Based on symptoms [3].