A new, public-domain translation of the Letter to Menoikos of Epicurus, including the original Greek text along with notes on the translation. Letter to Menoeceus By Epicurus. Translated by Robert Drew Hicks. Greeting. Let no one be slow to seek wisdom when he is young nor weary in the search. Letter to Menoeceus. EpicurllĀ«1 (TranAated by Brad Inwo(Jd and L. R Geraon). Let no one delay the study of philosophy while young nor weary of it when old.

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Letter to Menoikos

Yet the wise man does not dishonor life since he is not set against it and he is not afraid to stop living since he does not consider that to be a bad thing. We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count upon it as quite certain to come nor despair of it as quite certain not to come.

It would be easy for him to do so once he were firmly convinced. Who Wants to Live Forever? Just as he does not choose the greatest amount of food but the most pleasing food, so he savors not the longest time but the span of time that brings the greatest joy. An Unpublished Letter of William James.

It were better, indeed, to accept the legends ho the gods than to bow beneath that yoke of destiny which the natural philosophers have imposed. Skrupskelis – – Transactions of the Charles S. For people lose all appearance of mortality by living in the midst of immortal blessings.

And often we consider pains superior to pleasures when submission to the pains for a long time brings us as a consequence a greater pleasure. Second, train yourself to hold that death is nothing to us, because good and evil consist in sensation, and death is the removal of sensation.

For it is never too early or too late for the health of the soul. Of those that are natural, some are necessary and some unnecessary. And he who admonishes the young to live well and the old to make a good end speaks foolishly, not merely because of the desirability of life, but because the same exercise at once teaches to live well and to die well.

I lean toward the former interpretation. It is even worse to say that it is good to never have been born, or:. So simple flavors bring just as much pleasure as a fancy diet if all pain from true need has been removed, and bread and water give the highest pleasure when someone in need partakes of them.

This is why we say that pleasure is the beginning and the end of a completely happy life. We must also reflect that of desires some are natural, others are groundless; and that of the natural some are necessary as well as natural, and some natural only. When we say, then, that pleasure is the end and aim, we do not mean the pleasures of the prodigal or the pleasures of sensuality, as we are understood to do by some through ignorance, prejudice, or willful misrepresentation.


Epicurus – Letter to Menoeceus

It is easily done, if he has truly decided. Do not ascribe to god anything that is inconsistent with immortality and blissfulness; instead, believe about god everything that can support immortality and blissfulness. When we are pained pleasure, then, and then only, do we feel the need of pleasure.

For there are gods, and the knowledge of them is manifest; but they are not such as the multitude believe, seeing that men do not steadfastly maintain the notions they form respecting them. He who has a clear and certain understanding of these things will direct every preference and aversion toward securing health of body and tranquillity of mind, seeing that this is the sum and end of a happy life.

Therefore wisdom is a more precious thing even than philosophy ; from it spring all the other virtues, for it teaches that we cannot live pleasantly without eppicurus wisely, honorably, and justly; nor live wisely, honorably, and justly without living pleasantly.

Kant – – In Eric Watkins ed. We must remember that the future is neither wholly ours nor wholly not ours, so that neither must we count menoeces it as quite certain to epcurus nor despair of it as quite certain not to come. The group decided on that necessities was unique to each person.

Then, is the definition of necessary and necessary unique to each person? Some translators understand it as applying to “the menoexeus from mfnoeceus previous sentence, with the sense that the gods would not interfere in human ,enoeceus because they don’t care about “consider as alien” mortal creatures who are so different from themselves.

It is the starting-point of every choice and of every aversion, and to it we come back, inasmuch as we make feeling the rule lstter which to judge of menoeceuw good thing. Who, then, is superior in your judgment to such a man? Those things which without ceasing I have declared unto you, do them, and exercise yourself in them, holding them to be the elements of right life.

He who has a clear and certain understanding of these things will direct every preference and aversion toward securing health of body and tranquillity of mind, seeing that this is the sum and end of a blessed life.

As soon as menoecrus achieve this, the soul is released from every storm, since an animal has no other need and must seek nothing else to complete the goodness of body and soul. For the utterances of the multitude about the gods are not true preconceptions but false assumptions; hence it is that the greatest evils happen to the menoecsus and the greatest blessings happen to the good from the hand of the gods, seeing that they are always favorable to their own good qualities and take pleasure in men like themselves, but reject as alien whatever is not of their kind.


Rocco Pezzimenti – – Ler. Nor does he hold chance to be a menoeceuw, as the world in general does, for in the acts of a god there is no disorder; nor to be a cause, though an uncertain one, for he believes that no good or evil is dispensed by chance to men so as to make life blessed, though it supplies the starting-point of great good and great evil. And he considers it better to be rationally unfortunate than irrationally fortunate, since it is better for a beautiful choice to have the wrong results than for an ugly choice to have the right results just by chance.

Someone who says that the time to love epciurus practice wisdom has not yet come or has passed is like someone who says lether the time for happiness has not yet come or has passed. If he speaks only in mockery, his words are foolishness, for those who hear believe him not.

Therefore, both old and young alike ought to seek wisdom, the former in order that, as age comes over him, he may be young in good things because of the grace of what has been, and the latter in order that, while he is young, he may at the same time be old, because he has no fear of the things which are to come.

Oxygen would be the most necessary and mnoeceus water, food, shelter and so on. There is nothing terrifying in life to someone who truly understands that there is nothing terrifying in the absence of life.

And to say that the season for studying philosophy has not yet come, or that it is past and gone, is like saying that the season for happiness is not yet or that it is now no mfnoeceus. Dear Human – unknown. Ed Zalta’s Version of Neo-Logicism: Epicurus in Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. To an addict, at first the narcotics they use are unnecessary and after some time it becomes necessary to them.

It is proper to make all these decisions through measuring things side by side and looking at both the advantages and disadvantages, for sometimes we treat a good thing as bad and a bad thing as good.

He believes that the misfortune of the wise is better than the prosperity of the fool. Find it on Scholar. Of all this the beginning and the greatest good is wisdom.