Fourteen adult white grunt, Haemulon plumieri, were intermittently tracked, principally around dusk and dawn, using acoustic telemetry. Nine fish were tracked. The White Grunt, Haemulon plumieri. Illustration by Diana Rome Peebles Courtesy of Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Division of. including the tornIate, Hacinulon aurolineatwn, and the white grunt. H. plumieri, are among the most abundant fishes on reefs, live-bottom shelf areas, and in a.

Author: Goltim Jular
Country: Barbados
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Life
Published (Last): 27 June 2017
Pages: 245
PDF File Size: 6.8 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.59 Mb
ISBN: 439-6-50484-376-6
Downloads: 80567
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Akilkis

File:Haemulon plumieri (white grunt) (San Salvador Island, Bahamas) 7 (15996874379).jpg

Marine; plujieri depth range 3 – 40 m Ref. White grunts commonly reach lengths of 17 inches 45 cm. Haemulon plumieriithe white grunt or common gruntis a species of ray-finned fish in the family Haemulidae native to the western Atlantic Ocean.

Side of head has narrow blue stripes; scales above lateral line much larger than those below Ref.

Haemulon plumieri

Fecundity values varied between 17, andmature oocytes per female. The average size of this fish is six inches to more than a foot, [2] and H. Brazilian Journal of Biology. The scales above the lateral line are larger than those scales located below the lateral line. Molecular phylogeny of grunts Teleostei, Haemulidaewith an emphasis on the ecology, evolution, and speciation history of New World species.

The pelvic fins are chalky, while the pectoral fins range from light yellow to chalky in color. Found in dense aggregations during the day on patch reefs, around coral formations, or on sandy bottoms Ref. English language common names are white grunt, black grunt, boar grunt, common grunt, flannelmouth grunt, gray grunt, grunt, Key West grunt, redmouth grunt, ruby red lips, and white snapper.


This is an indication that the fishery acts predominantly on the adult stock, and this is favourable for maintaining the H.

Food Habits The white grunt feeds nocturnally, migrating off the reefs to open sandy, muddy, or grassy areas. Grunts produce grunting sounds, hence their common name, by grinding the pharyngeal teeth, amplifying the sound with the air bladder.

The gonadal indices coupled with the distribution of maturational stages suggest that females reproduce almost all year round with more activity between March and May.

Haemulon plumierii – Wikipedia

Cestode larvae have been observed in the bladder and nematodes in the gut mesentary and ovaries of this fish. Adobe Photoshop CS2 Haemulin. The spawning season was evaluated through the relative frequency of the gonadal maturation stages and through monthly values of the gonadal index GIwhich was calculated using the following formula adapted from Schaeffer and Orange Although a change in the fecundity value found plumierri several authors was observed, it is worth remarking that H.

The Haemulon plumieri is a typical reef-associated and tropical species found in warm and temperate waters of the Western Atlantic.

Haemulon plumieri white grunt San Salvador Island, Bahamas 2. Haemulon plumierii Scientific classification Kingdom: Hae,ulon species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Scale rows just below lateral line oblique; color variable but usually light yellowish Ref.

The white grunt frequently exhibits territorial kissing displays, consisting of two fish in confrontation, pushing each other on the lips ppumieri mouths open wide. Although there were occurrences of maturing females throughout the year, the frequency of mature individuals was higher in March, April and May Figure 2. We recommend a closed season from March to May and the setting of a minimum catch size of Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Male fork length ranged from The pharyngeal teeth are well developed and used for producing the grunting sounds that gives this fish its common name. Hatching 20 hours after fertilization, larvae range from 2. Thus, there are many gaps to be filled and further studies to be made.


Retrieved 30 October This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. It feeds on shrimp, other crustaceans, annelids and mollusks, and is preyed on by larger piscivores such as barracuda and shark.

Haemulon plumieri – Discover Fishes

Although the natural diet of this fish largely consists of shrimp, they also feed upon annelids, crustaceans, and bivalves. The white grunt is found near mangroves, reefs, docks, and nearly any sort of structure in its range, which extends in the Western Atlantic from Chesapeake Bay through the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico down to Brazil.

Retrieved from ” https: These fish also have high value as aquarium fish, due to their bright colors. Habitat The white grunt is commonly found from the shoreline to the outer reef edge to depths of 80 feet 24 m and occasionally offshore over hard bottoms to depths of feet 35 m.

Movement of fishes Grunts: It is still possible to observe mature females in a smaller percentage of individuals between July and August and December and January.