Childhood Illness (IMNCI). Strategy for India practices. Essential components of IMNCI . module, chart booklet, photo booklet and video) developed for. Introduction. 1. Introduce Facility Based Care. 6. Introduce Module 1. 6. Participants read: Introduction-Module 1. 6. Demonstration: Chart 1. 6. IMNCI Training Modules – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online.
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If a family waits to bring a child to ijnci health facility until the child is extremely sick, or takes the child to an untrained provider, the child is more likely to die from the illness.
First, you are going to look into the importance of the IMNCI strategy and the diseases that are addressed by this strategy. The Acknowledgements section is also used to bring to your attention any other Special Restrictions which may apply to the content.
The health worker checked Fatuma for general danger signs. If a child needs treatment at home, develop an integrated treatment plan for the child and give the first dose of drugs in the clinic. A child returning with chronic problems or less common illnesses may require special care which is not described in this Module.
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It is important because Ethiopia has a very high infant mortality rate. Use words the mother understands.
You need to know the age of the child in order to select the appropriate chart and begin the assessment process. The case management process for sick children aged two months up to five years is presented on three charts:. OU logos, trading names and may extend to certain photographic and video images and sound recordings and any other material as may be brought to your attention.
First decide which chart to use depending on the age of the child. You will learn how to determine if a child is severely ill and needs urgent referral. Assess and classify the sick child Treat the child Counsel the mother. Therefore you should find out the age of the child from the mother or from a record chart if this is a follow-up visit and there is already information available to you.
When you are assessing a sick child, a combination of individual signs leads to one or more classificationsrather than to a diagnosis.
Treatment is what will get the child better and may include referral to a hospital. The mother said that Fatuma was able to drink. She was not convulsing but was lethargic.
Look to see if the child wakens when the mother talks or shakes the child or when you clap your hands. Often the lethargic child does not look at his mother or watch your face when you talk.
Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI)
Also ask if each time the child swallows food or fluids, does the child vomit? Make sure that any infant or child with any danger sign is referred after receiving urgent pre-referral treatment. Self-Assessment Questions SAQs for Study Session 1 Now that you have completed this study session, you can assess how well you have achieved its Learning Outcomes by answering these questions. The presence of a general danger sign indicates a severe classification and the need for urgent referral.
Classification enables you to decide what exactly is wrong with the child. Does Salem have any danger signs? What are the four main steps you have to take each time a sick child is brought to you? We reserve the right to alter, amend or bring to an end any terms and conditions provided here without notice.
The health worker talked to Fatuma, but the child did not watch her face. Ask the mother if the child has had convulsions during this current illness. Learning Outcomes for Study Session 1 When you have studied this session, you should be able to: This is the initial visit for this illness. Fatuma opened her eyes, but did not look around.
A child who is breastfed may have difficulty sucking when his nose is blocked. The remaining study sessions in this module will explain to you how to assess and treat children and young infants with a range of conditions, including:. As you can see in Box 1. The child may lose consciousness or not be able to respond to spoken directions.
The IMNCI guidelines address most, but not all, of the major reasons a sick child is brought to a health facility. If a child should be immunized, give immunizations. Since management of the young infant aged from birth up to two months is somewhat different from the management of older infants and children, it is described on a different chart: A lethargic child moduule not awake and alert when he should be. From the materials you have read so far, you know that if a child has any one of the five general danger signs, mdule child must be considered seriously ill and therefore you should make an immediate referral to a health centre.
If mdule, what are they? The general danger signs are signs of serious illness that are seen in children aged two months up to five years and will need immediate action to save moduel life of the child.
Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) | PSM Made Easy
You should assess all sick mocule who come to your health post for general danger signs. The health worker looked to see if Salem was convulsing or lethargic or unconscious. Improving the health systems. Now that you have completed this study session, you can assess how well you have achieved its Learning Outcomes by answering these questions.
You can check your answers with the Notes on the Self-Assessment Questions at the end of this Module. You will learn about the pre-referral treatments in the subsequent study sessions in this Module.