It identifies its author by the names ‘Kauṭilya’ and ‘Vishnugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. – BC), who was a scholar. He is considered the author of the Arthashastra, meaning a texts on wealth. Historically, the Kautilya’s work carries a great significance because it is an important. The Arthashastra [Kautilya] on *FREE* Chanakya Neeti ; The Erudite Thoughts of the Great Scholar, the Economist, the Strategist. Chanakya.

Author: Doshura Totaur
Country: Saint Kitts and Nevis
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 21 January 2010
Pages: 431
PDF File Size: 12.22 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.19 Mb
ISBN: 140-7-47567-665-3
Downloads: 69363
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kajigami

A woman who has a right to claim maintenance for an unlimited period of time shall be given as much food and clothing as is necessary for her, or more than is necessary in proportion to the income of her maintainer.

The Arthashastra – Kautilya

Arthashastra is divided into 15 books: Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. He shall never be devoid of happiness. Much has been made about Kautilya’s harsh reputation. The Arthashastra is a through discussion on the science of living, along with being a valuable historical document on the conduct arthashastrw administration.

Those teachers and ministers who keep him from falling a prey to dangers, and who, by striking the hours of the day as determined by measuring shadows, warn him of his careless proceedings even arthashaatra secret, shall invariably be respected.

Journal of Business Ethics. The Arthashastra discusses a mixed economy, where private enterprise and state enterprise frequently competed side by side, in agriculture, animal husbandry, forest produce, mining, manufacturing and trade. In cases other than duel, robbery, as well as disputes among merchants or trade-guilds, the defendant shall file no counter-case against the plaintiff. The same fine shall be meted out not only to a tenant who, though asked to evacuate, resides in the house, but also to the owner who forces out a renter who has paid his rent from his house, unless the renter is involved in such acts as defamation, theft, robbery, abduction, or enjoyment with a false title.

If a pit, arthaehastra, water-course, ladder, dung-hill, or any other parts of a house offer or cause annoyance to outsiders, or in any way obstruct the enjoyment of others, or cause water to collect and thereby injure the wall of a neighboring house, the owner shall be kautilyw with a fine of twelve panas. A man, hating his wife, shall allow her to take shelter in the house of a beggar woman, or of her lawful guardians or of her kinsmen. She shall pay a fine of twelve panas if she goes out to see another man or for sports.


Pages containing links to subscription-only content Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Please protect Dharma by following its values, which include non-stealing.

Again, this is in keeping with an India which has rarely expanded beyond its frontiers excepting the Cholas’ expansion into an already Indianized Southeast Asia in the 11th Century AD. If a man and a woman make signs to each other with a view to sensual enjoyment, or carry on secret conversation for the same purpose, the woman shall pay a fine of twenty-four panas and the man double that amount.

Reading About the World, Vol. My knowledge of pre-industrial economics is lacking so I can’t comment in detail about that, but I can vaguely praise his thoroughness.

This translation is from Weber: The Arthashastra, in TopicBook 7 lists arthashhastra causes of disaffection, lack of motivation and increase in economic distress among people. The Arthashastra then posits its own theory that there are four necessary fields of knowledge, the Vedasthe Anvikshaki philosophy of SamkhyaYoga and Lokayata[note 2] the science of government and the science of economics Varta of agriculture, cattle and trade.

Understand the opponent and seek to outwit him. Most people know little of what Kautilya actually said in the Arthashastra. The Arthashastra’s views on foreign policy the ‘Six-Fold Policy’ is a clear forerunner to the modern school of ‘realism’, based on the premise that states act only in their own interests and how to advance their own interests.

The authorship and date of writing are unknown, and there is evidence that the surviving manuscripts are not original and have been modified in their history but were most likely completed in the available form between 2nd-century BCE to 3rd-century CE.

Kautilya has a great deal to say about civic responsibility; the obligation of every householder to take precautions against fire is mentioned; so is a prohibition on cutting trees in public parks. The text dedicates Book 3 and 4 to economic laws, and a court system to oversee and resolve economic, contracts and market-related disputes.



The Best in the Market We have seen that the Arthashastra is an exhaustive and detailed inventory of everything a state should do and everything every minor official should do. It opens by stating that wherever “good people are snubbed, and evil people are embraced” distress increases. Deceiving a slave of his money or depriving him of the privileges he can exercise as an Arya, shall be punished with half arthashzstra fine levied for enslaving the life of an Arya. A man who forces his connection with a harlot shall be fined twelve panas.

Arthashastra – Wikisource, the free online library

Think would recommend it to read for yourself. Neetishastra is a treatise on the ideal way of life, and shows Chanakya’s in-depth study chajakya the Indian way of life. See 2 questions about The Arthashastra…. Those who break the fences of villages, gardens, or fields shall also be punished with the middlemost amercement. The Arthashastra is one of the earliest works of political realism to have been written, along with Sun Tzu’s The Art of War and Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War and is perhaps the most elaborate of these.

The author died inso this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or less. Of a king, the religious vow is his readiness to action; satisfactory discharge of duties is his performance of sacrifice; equal attention to all is the offer of fees and ablution towards consecration.

For holding conversation in suspicious places, whips may be substituted for fines. The same thing can be said of the role of technology in daily life as well.