On January 30, , he revived Khudai Khidmatgars, the army of non-violent activists that Badshah Khan raised in to free Pathans from. Khudai-Khidmatgar was basically a social movement that was initiated by Badshah Khan in Pakhtun dominated areas. The purpose of this. The Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) was a group founded by Abdul Ghaffar Khan in the Northwest Frontier of British India. The group was notable for its.

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Khudai Khidmatgar Movement

This depravity has in-fact been created by the self-seekers in the guise of religion. Furthermore, volunteers performed physically demanding work, which served to teach discipline and hard work to the members of the movement.

During the two-year stint of the Congress party under Dr Khan Sahib as Chief minister, major reforms were introduced including land reforms, promotion of the teaching of Pashto and the release of political prisoners. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, the leader of the Khudai Khidmatgar Servants of Godstarted his resistance against the British by opening up schools throughout the districts of Mardan and Peshawar, educating villagers on the reforms he planned for India.

During the demonstration, British soldiers began shooting at the protestors, who maintained their nonviolent khduai even as they were fired upon. The crackdown that followed culminated with the Babra Sharif massacre. Other ranks included Jarnails Generals.

Khudai Khidmatgars, Frontier Gandhi’s non-violent army, gets a new life

The problem with the North-West Frontier Province was that the Frontier Crimes Regulation established repressive laws that aimed to destroy anti-government activities. The Khudai Khidmatgar refused to pay taxes or rent to the government, picketed at government offices, boycotted foreign goods, refused to cooperate with the government administration, refused to settle criminal and civil cases in government courts opted for village councils insteadostracized village officials who acted as tax collectors unless they resigned, and also commemorated significant events for the resistance against the British.

Top Rated Indian Movies. So to demolish this curse from the Pashtoon society and to unite them under the single platform. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Though this lifestyle resembled that of a military soldier, with leaders within the movement given ranks as heads of units, nonviolence was always the emphasis.


Ganga Sagar, a year-old college student from Bikaner district, was an RSS activist when he came across Khidmatgars three years ago. See what’s trending now. Each title is ranked according to its share of pageviews among the items displayed.

Khudai Khidmatgar Movement

There are Shias, Sunnis, Fiquies and Wahabis etc, each claiming himself right and the other wrong. Another attempt was made by senior KK leaders to approach Sir Fazli Hussain a senior Punjabi leader of the Unionist party pleading for assistance against the crackdown which was dismissed. It is a battle that continues to be fought in India and Pakistan. The Pashtun Jirga began publishing a journal called Pashtun. His Place in History. By the end of the destruction, approximately unarmed people were killed and many more were injured.

The same could not be said when using non violence against the troops. Pashtuns are Muslims; and religious leaders and Mullahs were known to have told parents that if their children went to school, they would go to hell. A Cunningham policy note of 23 September reads: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Quit India Movement. This movement had and also has a deep influence on the Pashtoon society. As for as the connotation of Khudai- Khidmatgar is concerned, it mean servants of God.

In one area, districts were established and made under British control. Inthe government brought the Frontier Province to the same level of administration as other parts of India, and urban and rural elections followed shortly thereafter. Neither the Government Organizations had any arrangement for the education. The movement was facing intense pressure by and the leadership under Ghaffar Khan was actively seeking political allies in India to help reduce the pressure on it by the British authorities.

Despite that the movement was intrinsically non-sectarian. Volunteers had to work together, which increased unity and cooperation among the movement. While the Congress government remained in power briefly it was eventually dismissed by the Governor under the orders of Pakistan’s founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah.

The government of the Khudai Khidmatgars was dismissed and their movement banned. Moreover the movement attracted the illiterate and hard-headed Pakhtoons towards manual labor through examples from the lives of the Prophet, like Hazrat Idrees AS, who was a tailor by profession.

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Edit Cast Credited cast: Khan’s Ministry in because of the events of World War 2, British tactics towards the movement changed to employ divide-and-rule tactics through the instigation of sectarian and communal tensions over brute force. He now leads Ram-Rahim Shanthi Sena, part of Khudai Khidmatgars, and campaigns against alcoholism and for communal harmony.

This offer was put forth in the Frontier province, and was accepted by the Khudai Kidmatgars on August This was the most efficient group among the Pashtuns because it was a nonviolent army used to fight the British for Indian independence.

Khan drew his first recruits from the young men who had graduated from his schools.

The police and government were given unlimited authority, which resulted in more violence against protestors. The members of the Khudai Khidmatgar pledged to serve the nation above all else using nonviolence at all costs, even when met with violence.

At the beginning of the 20th century Pashtun society was colonized, stagnant, violent, worn down by feuds, inequalities, factionalism, poor social cooperation, and plain ignorance. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Anyone who took its oath, which included allegiance to non-violence, service without reward, willingness to forgive even the oppressors, be fearless and be prepared for any sacrifice, could join. The purpose of this movement was to bring reform in the Pakhtun society.

In Junethe Khudai Khidmatgars declared the Bannu Resolutiondemanding that the Pashtuns be given a choice to have an independent state of Pashtunistancomposing all Pashtun territories of British India, instead of being made to join Pakistan.

Lokashakti Login Email address Password. The Khudai Khidmatgar campaign succeeded in educating Indians on the necessary nonviolent tactics to reform society so that, in time, the British could be ousted from India.

This area was occupied by the British in and divided into two areas. The movement khidmatagr also against sectarianism. It had no connection as such with the Khudai Khidmatgars.